Henriette Catherine de Joyeuse, duchesse de Montpensier, puis de Guise (1585-1656) by ? (Versailles)

The note from Reunion des Musées Nationaux for this is "La grenade qu'elle porte est une allusion à son remariage en 1611 (The pomegranate is an allusion to her remarriage in 1611)." The French word grenade and this image give the etiology of the word grenade in modern English - just imagine the stem is a burning fuse so she has to throw it somewhere.

Photo - Gérard Blot via Wikimedia; the background is extensively treated with Photoshop by gogm.

Catherine's dress has large puffed sleeves ending with plain turned back cuffs while her neck area is covered by a partlet rather than a collar or collars. Her coiffure, flat at the top with curls at the sides, is typical of what was worn for decades before Fontanges headdresses came along. The lower neckline is marked by a puffed cloth bertha, also representative of what would be worn for decades until mantuas came along.

Keywords:  Blot, Henriette Catherine de Joyeuse, duchesse de Montpensier, duchesse de Guise, Joyeuse family, Bourbon family, Guise family, Duchess, French, straight coiffure, high neckline, partlet, bows, off shoulder bateau neckline, bertha, long puffed sleeves, cuffs, vee waistline, full skirt, necklace, earrings, brooch

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