1715 Queen Maria-Anna of Spain, née Neuburg (married in 1690 to King Carlos II of Spain) by Robert Gabriel Gence (Musée Basque, Bayonne France)


Maria-Anna of Spain’s dress in this 1715 Gence portrait shows fashion escaping from Louis XIV rigidity. Her dress has numerous features from the Louis XIV era, but it has the feel of a 1700s dress. There is no headdress à la Fontanges. The square neckline is partially filled in with a modesty piece above a vee waistline. Panniers have not yet arrived, the skirt emerges from the vee waistline, but it is not made with the elaborate brocades of Louis XIV dress. The puffed sleeves are 1600s, but end in lace engageantes that Marie Antoinette would want to flare out from the elbows.

Her coiffure represents a style popular at the time with long sausage-like curls appearing to be bound in or braided with pearl or jeweled cords.

Keywords:  1715, Gence, Maria-Anna of Spain, Wittelsbach family, Habsburg family, Queen, French, long curly coiffure, hair jewelry, square neckline, modesty piece, puffed elbow length sleeves, engageantes, lace, girdle, vee waistline, full skirt, jeweled neckline, jeweled bodice, jeweled bodice, jeweled arm bands, robes

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