ca. 1600 Margherita Gonzaga, Madama Serenissima di Ferrara by Peter Paul Rubens (auctioned by Christie')

From Christie's Web site; filled in shadows to bring out the details of the dress. Also posted towards the end of the Middle 1500s - 1550 to 1590 Album.

ca. 1600 Margherita Gonzaga, Madama Serenissima di Ferrara by Peter Paul Rubens (auctioned by Christie') From Christie's Web site shadows

Ruffs often hide their origins, but this ruff can be seen sprouting from a white under-garment. This is presumably mourning dress.

Keywords:  1600, Rubens, Margherita Gonzaga, duchessa di Ferrara Modena e Reggio, Gonzaga family, Este family, Duchess, Italian, wavy coiffure, headdress, earrings, lace wide ruff, vee neckline, fitted under-bodice, jacket over-bodice, vee nckline, lapels, tabbed hanging sleeves, bows

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