1575 "Pelican" portrait attributed to Nicholas Hilliard (Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool)
Queen Elizabeth of England wears a partlet exposing part of her throat as part of her colorful dress in this portrait, the "Pelican" portrait..
Marileecody has this description: "...Along with Hilliard's equally famous 'Phoenix Portrait,' this picture shows the growing stylization of images of the queen. Such stylization reached its apogee in the beautiful 'Rainbow Portrait' below. There is a closed imperial crown over each shoulder. The crown is on top of both a rose (on the left) and a fleur-de-lys (on the right.) These represent her dynastic claims to both England and France. The Pelican pendant on her breast symbolizes charity and redemption. It represents the queen's selfless love of her subjects. How? According to legend, the pelican pricked its own breast to feed its children with the blood. Elizabeth wore a pelican jewel in several state portraits to remind the English of her equally selfless love."