ca. 1623 Maria Maddalena of Austria (Wife of Duke Cosimo II de' Medici) with her son, the future Ferdinand II by Justus Sustermans (Flint Institute of Arts - Flint, Michigan USA)


Ferdinand clutches a dagger.

Flint Michigan was an automobile manufacturing center until the General Motors Company moved out. This was documented by a then unknown filmmaker named Michael Moore in the 1989 documentary Roger & Me.

From Wikimedia; spots removed throughout image and upper part of the left side fixed with Photoshop by gogm.

Maria Magdalena's ruff is a tour de force of lace and the lace may be more sophisticated than reticella in this Sustermans work from about 1623.

Keywords:  1623, Sustermans, Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria, Maria Magdalena de Medici, Archduchess Maria Magdalena, Habsburg family, de Medici family, curly coiffure, tiara, high neckline, neck ruff, lace, over-bodice, vee neckline, tabbed sleeves, long tight false sleeves, back-flared cuffs, hanging sleeves, lining, cuffs, full skirt, under-skirt, necklace, draped necklace, bows, earrings, jeweled sleeves, jeweled bodice, jeweled skirt, handkerchief, regalia

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