1622-1625 Anne d'Autriche by Peter Paul Rubens (Norton Simon Museum - Pasadena, California USA)

This Rubens showing Anne of Spain/Austria wearing a huge ruff, puffed sleeves, and a fleur-de-lys waistline is a well known portrait of her.

The white expanded base of her bodice forms part of the fleur de lys continued upward by her stomacher. The velvet of her skirt and sleeves are adorned with fleur de lys that may be inset with jewels and gold. The sleeves are puffing out as they would for much of the century while the lace appears to be more technically sophisticated than that of the dress worn by Marie de Medici for her 1609-10 Pourbus the Younger portrait. The cuffs are flared back and the broad skirt looks like it may be the result of a French farthingale. The sleeves are puffed and adorned with puffed cloth ornaments separated by quartets of pearls while the ermine associated with regal robes may be used here to trim hanging sleeves that match her skirt.

Keywords:  1622, Rubens, Anne of Spain, Anne of Austria, Habsburg family, Bourbon family, Princess, Queen, French, curly coiffure, square neckline, neckline ruff, stomacher, lace, long full sleeves, puffed cloth ornaments, hanging sleeves, crown, necklace, earrings, jeweled bodice, jeweled sleeves, jeweled crucifix, bracelets, fleur de lys waistline, full skirt

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